Çıkmacılar*

2016
Toplum ve Bilim

The  “çıkmacı”  yards  (meaning  those  who  work with  removed and reclaimed  building  parts)  are  zones  that  are  located  in  the periphery,  forming  a  kind  of commerce  that  taps  into  both the informal urbanization which has shaped major cities in Turkey throughout the second half of 20th century and the neoliberal urbanization processes accelerating after 2000s. Having been derived from the lack of resources from informal housing; Gecekondu (night-landers), Çıkmacılar (removers) can be defined as a profession and the plots where buildings elements like doors, window frames and sanitary equipments salvaged from building remains are accumulated and sold for future reuse. These yards are related to the informal urbanization processes of the Gecekondu, as well as the legal urban transformation and neighbourhood demolitions, and hence located in the periphery of Istanbul. Looking at the urban transformation geography of Istanbul, Çıkmacılar that are trying to exist at the intersection of Global and local economy can be discussed in the scope of gecekondu building culture and totalitarian urbanization mechanisms that instrumentalize re-building by demolitions and urban displacement of the dwellers. Discussed in the article is the effects of Çıkmacılar in the urban geography and urban periphery while questioning the possibilities they present for urban ecology and urban commons. Çıkmacılar is being considered as a relational infrastructure (Simone, 2015), as one among many processes based on social relations of urban dwellers that are invented in order to survive and engage with the urban, in the absence of formal physical and public infrastructures.

*Removers

Essay with Can Altay;

http://www.toplumvebilim.com/public/default.aspx?dsid=463

Toplum ve Bilim